A cataract is a medical condition in which the eye’s natural lens becomes cloudy. If cataracts are left unattended, they can cause loss of vision. Cataracts are currently the leading cause of blindness worldwide. At present, there are over 22 million Americans over the age of 40 who suffer with cataracts. Cataracts are classified depending on their cause, location, and degree of clouding. There are several types of cataracts which include Subcapsular, Nuclear, and Cortical.
Cataracts at first may have little impact on your eyesight. As cataracts progress, vision may become blurry. Eyes may also become sensitive to the sunlight. Symptoms usually grow worse over time, which without proper medical attention, can lead to blindness. There are factors that heighten the risk for cataracts such as: age, diabetes, smoking, genetics, steroids, eye injuries, eye surgeries and exposure to ultraviolet rays to name a few. Some studies have shown that the risk of cataracts can be reduced by an intake of Vitamin E, lutein, and zeaxanthin.
Cataract Surgery is the most frequently performed surgery in the United States with a very high success rate in restoring vision. Routine eye exams from your ophthalmologist can diagnose the disease and give you peace of mind that you are receiving proper treatment so you will retain optimal eye health.