Retina

OSM’s leading ophthalmic specialists evaluate each patient and treat with the most effective and beneficial surgical and non-surgical methods to ensure the best outcome to maintain your vision.

Early detection and treatment are key to protect against loss of vision and blindness.

Retinal Detachment

Illustration of Detached RetinaThe retina is a layer of tissue in the eye that is responsible for visual messages delivered to the brain through the optic nerve. The brain interprets this information into images. A retinal detachment occurs if the retina pulls away from its supportive tissue. A retinal detachment is often preceded by retinal tears or retinal breaks. If not treated immediately retinal detachments can cause permanent vision loss and blindness. Treatment of retinal tears or breaks can often prevent the progression to a retinal detachment.

Symptoms

Symptoms of retinal tear or detachment can be floaters (specks or spider webs) seen in your field of vision, a drape or curtain over your field of vision, and/or light flashes in the eye.

A retinal tear or detachment is a medical emergency. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, you must see an ophthalmologist promptly. Surgery and/or laser will be required to save your vision.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of diabetes that causes damage to the blood vessels of the light-sensitive tissue (the retina) that lines the back of the eye. It is one of the leading causes of blindness among adults and the diabetic population. Learn more.

Diabetic Macular Edema (DME)

Diabetic macular edema is swelling in the center part of the retina (the macula) due to a buildup of fluid caused by unhealthy leaking blood vessels. DME is one of many retinal complications of diabetic retinopathy that can cause devastating loss of vision. Today, there are several treatments for DME including medications injected into the eye and/or laser therapy. The visual outcome of DME is directly related to the promptness of treatment. Learn more.

Macular Degeneration

Macular DegenerationMacular degeneration is divided into two different categories: Dry Macular Degeneration (DAMD) and Wet Macular Degeneration (WAMD).

Dry Macular Degeneration (DAMD) is a result of damage and thinning of the macula – a small central area of the retina responsible for clear, sharp vision.

Wet Macular Degeneration (WAMD) occurs when the damage to the macula advances and new, unhealthy blood vessels leak fluid or blood into the macula. It is critically important to treat WAMD immediately when it “converts” from DAMD to WAMD. Learn more.

Floaters, Flashes, and Posterior Vitreous Detachment (PVD)

FloatersFloaters occur when the vitreous (the clear, gel-like substance that fills the inside of the eye) begins to clump and degenerate. While it may seem like the floaters are in front of your eye they are actually inside the eye within the vitreous.

A large floater in the center of the vision is often caused by a posterior vitreous detachment (PVD). A PVD occurs when the vitreous gel separates from the retina and starts floating freely inside the eye. PVD is very common among older adults, nearsighted individuals and after Cataract Surgery. When the vitreous gel rubs and pulls on the retina you may see what looks like flashing lights or lightning streaks. These are usually termed flashes.

Posterior vitreous detachment or floaters do not directly threaten vision, but they can lead to a retinal tear or detachment. Anyone seeing flashes or floaters should see the ophthalmologist or retina specialist immediately to ensure that any retinal tears or detachments can be found and treated promptly.