Key Information on Age Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)
As we grow older, our risk increases of acquiring Age Related Macular Degeneration (AMD). AMD is a common disease that affects the macula, a part of the eye that allows you to see small and fine details. AMD gradually destroys the sharp, central vision of a healthy eye.
AMD can cause significant damage to the eyes. Due to the slow painless, progression, many do not notice the change in their vision. For others, however, AMD progresses more rapidly and can cause complete loss of vision. For Americans aged 60 and older, AMD is the leading cause of loss of vision.
AMD has two forms: Wet AMD and Dry AMD
Wet AMD (also known as advanced AMD) causes quick, rapid loss of the central vision.
Dry AMD is the breakdown of the light sensitive macula cells which causes blurred vision of the affected part of the eye. Over time, Dry AMD can cause the macula to lose function leading to the loss of central vision.
Wet and Dry AMD- FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
Which is more common Wet AMD or Dry AMD?
85 percent of all people with both intermediate and advanced AMD suffer from Dry AMD, rendering Dry AMD the more common of the two forms.
Can Dry AMD turn into the more aggressive Wet AMD?
Yes. All people who suffer from Wet AMD also had Dry AMD.
What is the greatest risk factor of AMD?
Increasing age is the greatest risk factor of AMD. People age 60 and older have a higher chance of developing AMD but the disease is diagnosed in middle-aged patients as well.
Other AMD Risk Factors
- Smoking – Increases chance of developing AMD
- Obesity – Studies link obesity and the progression of early and intermediate forms of AMD to advanced AMD
- Race – Caucasians are at highest risk to suffer from AMD
- Family History – People with family members who have AMD have a greater chance of developing this disease
- Gender – Females are more likely to acquire AMD than males
Symptoms of AMD
Dry AMD: The most common, noticeable sign is blurred vision. Another frequent sign of the disease is a blind spot in the center of the field of vision.
Wet AMD: An early sign of Wet AMD is straight lines appearing to look crooked. A blind spot is also possible, causing one’s central field of vision to suffer.
If you or someone you know have signs of AMD disease, contact OSM today for a complete eye examination, proper diagnosis and an effective treatment plan to allow the greatest opportunity to stop vision degradation.