Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) occurs when the macula in the retina becomes damaged. This causes a loss of central vision and an inability to see fine details although peripheral vision remains the same. Treatment cannot restore any vision lost but medical studies show eye vitamins can slow down the process of further vision impairment.
Types of Age-Related Macular Degeneration
There are two types of macular degeneration. The first is dry AMD which accounts for about 80% of all cases. This condition happens when the macula thins over time and drusen or small protein clumps begin to form.
The second type is far more serious but much less common. Wet AMD happens when abnormal blood vessels grow underneath the retina. They may begin leaking fluid or blood which leaves scarring. This will cause faster loss of vision compared to dry AMD.
Macular Degeneration Prevention with Vitamins
As we age, it may become more difficult to obtain all the nutrients we need from our diet. Vitamins are a good way to help offset the deficiency and keep our bodies in good health.
The National Eye Institute published a study in 2001 that found patients who were at high risk for AMD were able to reduce their risk by 25% by taking a daily vitamin formula. The formula included 500 mg vitamin C, 400 IU vitamin E, 15 mg beta-carotene, 80mg zinc (as zinc oxide), and 2 mg copper (as cupric oxide).
Ophthalmic Specialists of Michigan has three convenient locations to better serve your eyecare needs. Contact any of our offices to schedule your examination today. It is important to bring your current medication and vitamin list with you to ensure our physician is able to set an appropriate dosage in addition to your established list.